Hip replacement surgery, or arthroplasty, is usually undertaken when osteoarthritis has resulted in the wearing down of the hip joint. In a hip replacement operation the worn out and arthritic parts of the hip joint are removed and replaced with a new, artificial hip joint. The new hip joint is called a prosthesis. Total hip replacement surgery should improve an individual's mobility, by reducing pain and improving the function of the hip joint. The procedure can also be performed via keyhole (minimally invasive) surgery in the right circumstances.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) cross in the centre of the knee. A tear of these ligaments can be partial or complete, and results from overstretching of this ligament within the knee.
Cruciate ligament repair is carried out by an orthopaedic surgeon, using a combination of open surgery and arthroscopy. The operation can be carried out as a day case, or may require a day or two in hospital.
Partial knee replacement is an option for a small percentage of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Your doctor may recommend partial knee replacement if your arthritis is confined to a single part (compartment) of your knee.
Knee replacement surgery is usually undertaken when osteoarthritis has resulted in the wearing down of the knee joint. In a knee replacement operation the worn out and arthritic parts of the knee joint are removed and replaced with a new, artificial knee joint. The new knee joint is called a prosthesis. More recently, Computer Guided
Total Knee Replacements as well as a new technological development called “patient specific instrumentation” or a “custom fit knee” is beeing performed.
Damaged cartilage in the knee can cause pain and the loss of motion. One option is a menisectomy, where a doctor uses an arthroscope and other tools to remove all or part of the damaged meniscus in the knee. When this is an keyhole surgery, a range of anaesthetic options are available and either act to repair the cartilage or remove it as the individual situation demands.