Acid reflux is caused by high acid levels in the stomach preventing the proper sealing of esophagus. The acid to travel upwards and burn the esophagus, irritating the lining and can cause a burning sensation. Surgical intervention is recommended when changes in lifestyle and diet have proved ineffective. Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasion procedure to reinforce the seal by wrapping part of the stomach around the lower esophagus.
An appendectomy (sometimes called appendisectomy or appendicectomy) is the surgical removal of the vermiform appendix. This procedure is normally performed as an emergency procedure, when the patient is suffering from acute appendicitis. In the absence of surgical facilities, intravenous antibiotics are used to delay or avoid the onset of sepsis; it is now recognized that many cases will resolve when treated non-operatively.
A combination of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems, such as gallstones, leaks or cancers. It is now largely used therapeutically given the easy access to scanning technologies.
An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy uses a long endoscope to see the lining of the upper GI tract. This is used to identify the cause of many symptoms, from persistent heartburn to unexplained weight loss. There are a wide range of diseases that may be diagnosed by an Upper GI Endoscopy.
Gall bladder removal (cholecystectomy) surgery is usually performed laparoscopically (keyhole), using a laparoscope. The surgeon removes your gall bladder with the aid of a small camera which is inserted into the abdomen via one of a number of small incisions in the abdomen. It is now a relatively common procedure which requires only a short time in hospital.
The intragastric balloon, which has been available since the 1980s is designed to provide short–term weight loss therapy. The silicone balloon is placed endoscopically (through the mouth and oesophagus under heavy sedation) and filled with liquid so it partially fills the stomach and creates a feeling of fullness. The maximum time a balloon can be left in place is 6 months, after which it must be removed – the risk of balloon deflation and intestinal obstruction (and therefore possible death) is significantly higher when balloons are left in place longer than 6 months.
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding (LAGB) is purely restrictive weight loss surgery. Restrictive forms of weight loss surgery such as LAGB promote weight loss by limiting food intake and promoting a feeling of fullness (satiety) after meals. The LAGB surgery was developed for bariatric patients who wanted a safer, less complex alternative to gastric bypass surgery.During laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding surgery, two medical devices are implanted into the body
Gastric bypass procedures (GBP) are any of a group of similar operations that first divides the stomach into a small upper pouch and a much larger lower "remnant" pouch and then re-arranges the small intestine to allow both pouches to stay connected to it. Surgeons have developed several different ways to reconnect the intestine, thus leading to several different GBP names. Any GBP leads to a marked reduction in the functional volume of the stomach, accompanied by an altered physiological and physical response to food.
An epigastric hernia happens when a weakness in the abdominal muscle allows the tissues of the abdomen to protrude through the muscle. An epigastric hernia is usually present at birth, and may heal without treatment as the infant grows and the abdominal muscles strengthen. An epigastric hernia is similar to a umbilical hernia, except the umbilical hernia forms around the belly button and the epigastric hernia is usually between the belly button and the chest.
A hernia occurs when the abdominal muscle weakens, resulting in a bulge or tear through which tissue can be pressed and cause extreme pain. Laparoscopic techniques require a small incision and the insertion of a camera/tool to repair the hernia through surgical staples and patches. While the incision is minimal and generally performed as an outpatient procedure it requires a general anaesthetic.
Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical weight-loss procedure in which the stomach is reduced to about 25% of its original size, by surgical removal of a large portion of the stomach, following the major curve. The open edges are then attached together (often with surgical staples) to form a sleeve or tube with a banana shape. The procedure permanently reduces the size of the stomach. The procedure is performed laparoscopically and is not reversible.