Treatments provided by Kefah Mokbel

Kefah Mokbel is a Professor of Breast Cancer Surgery at the Brunel Institute of Cancer Genetics and Pharmacogenomics, providing a range of treatments outlined below: 

Treatments, operations and tests

Biopsies take a small sample of tissue from the breast for analysis. There are a number of methods depending on the growth: Fine needle biopsies are used on fluid filled lumps to drain the abscess. Core-Needle biopsies are a local anaesthetic procedure to take a sample of the breast tissue using a hollow needle. Surgical Biopsies are also local anaesthetic procedures, performed by a surgeon, and remove the lump through a series of small incisions. After a biopsy, the sample can be analysed for cancerous cells.
There are many ways to perform breast enlargements. The method must be tailored to the individual patient needs. The principal is to create a pocket under the breast tissue and place a breast implant into that pocket. The breast enlargement operation is done under either local anesthetic (you are awake) or general anesthetic (you are asleep).
A breast exam is a self-inspection of your breasts. During a breast exam, you use your eyes and hands to observe the appearance and feel of your breasts. Breast exams allow you to become more familiar with your breasts. This may give you a greater awareness of the condition of your breasts. Breast exams may help identify potential breast problems. Breast exams, once thought essential for early breast cancer detection, are now considered optional. While other breast cancer screening tests have been proved to save lives, there's no evidence that breast exams can do this.
Lumpectomy (aka: tylectomy) is a common surgical procedure designed to remove a discrete lump, usually a benign tumor or breast cancer, from an affected man or woman's breast. As the tissue removed is generally quite limited and the procedure relatively non-invasive, compared to a mastectomy, a lumpectomy is considered a viable means of "breast conservation" or "breast preservation" surgery with all the attendant physical and emotional advantages of such an approach.
Breast reconstruction surgery is an option after a mastectomy to balance out the appearance of the breasts. Beyond external prosthetics, there are two options, artificial implants can be surgically inserted into the breast or tissue can be transplanted from one area of the patient to the breast. A surgeon's top priority is to ensure a good match and surgery can extend to cosmetic work on the affected breast.
Reduction mammaplasty is a breast reduction operation which removes the excess fat and skin from the breasts, which are reshaped and the nipples re positioned to form newer smaller breasts. This breast reduction surgery should result in more attractive breasts and reduce many of the problems outlined above. In breast reduction surgery there are several different surgical designs to reshape the breasts and are illustrated opposite. All of them will involve a scar around the areola of the breast. Each method will use different scars and will have advantages and disadvantages and your surgeon may select with your approval the best breast reduction technique in your particular case. Breast reduction surgery / mammaplasty may be used to correct asymmetry of the breast, where one breast is very much larger than the other and where it is considered to be the least normal of the two.
The aim is to treat any malignant disease in the breast. It is done by removing the breast. You will usually end up with a fine scar running across the chest wall. The breast and nipple can always be rebuilt, usually at a later date.The second aim is to find out whether there are malignant cells in the rest of the body. If so, then treatment with hormones or chemotherapy would be of help. Simply taking out the diseased part from the breast and using x-ray treatment for the rest of the breast is an alternative.
A breast biopsy is a procedure in which part or all of a suspicious breast growth is removed and examined, usually for the presence of cancer. The growth sample is suctioned out through a needle or cut out using a surgical procedure. The sample is then examined and evaluated under a microscope by a pathologist to identify non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant) tissue. Words used to refer to the abnormal area or growth before and after diagnosis may include lump, mass, lesion, and tumor. The basic aim of a breast biopsy is to determine whether or not a worrisome lump is cancer.
In both breast augmentation and reduction the aim is the change the size of the breast, whereas mastopexy (breast uplift) changes the shape alone. As nothing can be done to restore the breasts former elasticity, the only solution is to remove sections of slack and redundant skin. This procedure may remove a few stretch marks but most remain, although some may be less noticeable. The results of this operation are usually excellent and you can expect less drooping of your breasts with the nipples in a higher position.