Eczema comes in several different forms, all of which cause irritating symptoms such as dryness, redness, and itchiness. Once your dermatologist has diagnosed one of these conditions, it should be possible to relieve the symptoms with the right eczema treatment.
1. Atopic eczema:
Atopic eczema is what most people think of when they think about eczema. It causes itchy patches of dryness and redness, usually develops in childhood and runs in families. Eczema treatment can help to control the symptoms, but it is also important to avoid triggers that could cause a flare up.
2. Contact dermatitis:
Patches of eczema that occur where skin has been affected by an allergen or irritant is known as contact dermatitis. Common allergens include soaps, detergents, bleach, and certain plants or raw foods. Contact with mild irritants in the workplace is a particularly common cause.
3. Seborrhoeic eczema:
Seborrhoeic eczema affects the parts of the body where there are lots of sebaceous glands, such as the scalp, face, neck, armpits, or groin. In children under one, it is most common on the scalp, where it is known as cradle cap.
4. Discoid eczema:
Appearing as coin-shaped patches of eczema, usually one the arms, body or legs, discoid eczema is most common in adults. The patches often become infected and crust over.
5. Asteatotic eczema:
Asteatotic eczema only affects older people, over the age of 60. It is associated with a decrease in the production of oils by the skin, which leads to a dry, cracked surface covered in pink fissures.
6. Pompholyx eczema:
Pompholyx or dyshidrotic eczema usually only affects the hands and feet. It creates watery blisters that can be very itchy and painful if they burst. This kind of eczema often occurs alongside a fungal infection, so you may need treatment to eliminate this, alongside your eczema treatment.
7. Varicose eczema:
Varicose or gravitational eczema appears as redness, blistering and cracked or crusted skin in the lower legs, where blood has collected and caused swelling that places pressure on the skin. Since it is associated with poor circulation, you are at higher risk of you have had a blood clot, varicose veins, or if you are overweight.